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Many Muslim apologists promote the idea of ‘greater’ and ‘lesser’ Jihads. According to this belief, striving against desires of the self is considered the ‘greater jihad’, which makes ‘jihad in the way of Allah’ (fighting in the cause of Allah) the ‘lesser jihad’. This idea is based upon a story mentioned in a 12th Century book, “The History of Baghdad”, by Yahya ibn al ‘Ala’, who said,
“We were told by Layth, on the authority of ‘Ata’, on the authority of Abu Rabah, on the authority of Jabir, who said, ‘The Prophet returned from one of his battles, and thereupon told us, ‘You have arrived with an excellent arrival, you have come from the Lesser Jihad to the Greater Jihad - the striving of a servant (of Allah) against his desires.’
The first thing to note is that the first time this hadith appears is in the 12th century. This is a full five centuries after Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him) passed away! It is totally absent from the major hadith collections namely Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Dawud, Tirmidhi etc.
The idea that ‘inner struggle’ is the primary form of Jihad also directly contradicts the Qur’an. In Qur’an 4:95 it is made clear what the most important form of Jihad is:
"Those believers who sit back are not equal to those who fight in the Path of Allah with their wealth and their selves. Allah has favoured those who perform Jihad with their wealth and their selves by degrees over those who sit back. To both (groups) has Allah promised good, but Allah has favoured the mujahideen with a great reward, by ranks from Him, and with Forgiveness, over those who sit back. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most-Merciful." Qur’an [4:95-96]
It is because of this verse and the very shaky chain of transmission that the classical scholars of Islam dismiss this hadith as ‘weak’ or ‘fabricated’. Some examples:
Sheikh Dr. Abudllah Yusuf Azzam:
“is in fact a false, fabricated hadith which has no basis. It is only a saying of Ibrahim Ibn Abi `Abalah, one of the Successors, and it contradicts textual evidence and reality….The word “jihad”, when mentioned on its own, only means combat with weapons, as was mentioned by Ibn Rushd, and upon this the four Imams have agreed.”(Join the Caravan, Conclusion)
Ibn Taymiyyah (also known as Shaykh ul-Islam):
This hadith has no sources and nobody whomsoever in the field of Islamic knowledge has narrated it. Jihad against the disbelievers is the most noble of actions and moreover it is the most important action for the sake of mankind.” (Al-Furqan PP. 44-45)
“Its chain of narration is weak. (Da’eef)” Ibn Hajr said that this was a saying of Ibraaheem bin Abee Ablah, a Taabi’ee, and not a Ahaadeeth of the Messenger (SAW) (Hajar ibn al Asqalani ’Kashf al-Khafaa’ no.1362)
Ibn Hajar al ‘Asqalani (also known as Shaykh ul-Islam): said about Yahyah bin Alulah (creator of the hadith) “he was accused of forging Ahadeeth.”
Al Dhahabi said in “Al-Mizan”,
“Abu Hatim said that he is not a strong narrator, Ibn Mu’in classified him as weak, al Daraqutni said that he is to be neglected, and Ahmad ibn Hanbal said that he is a liar and a forger of Ahadeeth.”
The hadith is also contradicted by several ‘sahih’ (sound) hadith. Most of those quoted below can be found in the two most important and trusted collections namely Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim:
Abu Hurayrah narrated: “The Prophet was asked: ‘O Rasoolullah! What deed could be an equivalent to Jihaad Fi Sabeelillaah (Fighting in the Cause of Allah)?’ He answered: “You do not have the strength to do that deed.” (The narrator said): They repeated the question twice or thrice. Every time he answered: “You do not have the strength to do it.” When the question was asked for the third time, he said: “One who goes out for Jihaad is like a person who keeps fasting, stands in prayer (constantly), (obeying) Allah’s (behests contained in) the Aayah (of the Qur’an), and does not exhibit any lassitude in fasting and praying until the Mujaahid returns from Jihaad Fi Sabeelillaah.” [Saheeh Muslim (#4636)]
Abu Hurayrah narrated: “A man came to Allah’s Messenger and said, ‘Guide me to such a deed as equals Jihaad (in reward).’ He replied, ‘I do not find such a deed.’ Then he added, ‘Can you, while the Mujaahid has gone for Jihaad, enter your masjid to perform Salaat without ceasing and observe Sawm without breaking it?’ The man said, ‘But who can do that?’. [Saheeh al-Bukhaari (4/#44)]
“A woman once came to the Prophet and asked: ‘O Rasoolullah! My husband has departed for war and usually if he prays I follow him in his Salaat and I follow him in all his acts of worship. Because of that inform me of an act which can equal his until he returns.’ He said to her: ‘Are you able to stand without sitting, perform Sawm without breaking it and Dhikr until your husband returns?’ She replied: ‘I am not strong enough, O Rasoolullah.’ So he said to her: ‘By Allah, in whose hand I am, even if you were strong enough it would surely not attain one tenth of your husbands deeds.’” [al-Mustadrak (2/73)]
A man asked the Prophet: ‘What is Jihaad?’ He replied: “To fight against the disbelievers when you meet them (on the battlefield). The man then asked: “What kind of Jihaad is the highest?” To which he replied: “The person who is killed whilst spilling the last of his blood.”
The Prophet (said: “A morning or an evening spent in the Path of Allah is better than the world and all it contains.” [al-Bukhaari (1/392)]
The Prophet said: “Standing for an hour in the ranks of battle in the Path of Allah is better than standing for sixty years (in prayer).” [Saheeh al-Jamee’]
Narrated Abu Sa’eed al-Khudree somebody asked, “O Allah’s Messenger! Who is the best among the people?”. Allah’s Messenger replied, “A believer who performs Jihaad with his life and wealth.” They asked, “Who is next?” He replied, “A believer who stays in one of the mountain paths worshipping Allah and leaving the people safe from his mischief.” [al-Bukhaari (1/391)]
It is should be clear from the above that the idea that ‘Jihad against the self’ is the most important form of Jihad (is greater than Jihad al Kufar) has no basis whatsoever in orthodox Islamic teaching.
- Notes from Join the Caravan, Dars: Mashari Al-Ashwaq ila Masari al-Ushaaq, Jihad in Islam, Its meaning.
The theory of evolution suggests that life started as an accident through a process known as spontaneous generation. In other words, it was never the objective to create life – it just happened. So a collection of organic compounds somehow gained the attribute of life that cannot be explained by scientists. In fact Fred Hoyle, a well-known English mathematician and astronomer, and someone who believes in evolution, made the analogy that the chances of the first cell forming spontaneously were comparable with the chance that a tornado sweeping through a junkyard might assemble a Boeing 747 from the materials present.
On the question of the origin of life scientists like Louis Pasteur and Francesco Ready advocated that life could only come from a previous life. If that were the case, then how did the first cell receive its life?
According to Professor of Applied Mathematics and astronomy from University College (Cardiff, Wales), Chandra Wickramasinghe:
"The likelihood of the spontaneous formation of life from inanimate matter is one to a number with 40,000 noughts after it… It is big enough to bury Darwin and the whole theory of evolution. There was no primeval soup, neither on this planet nor on any other, and if the beginnings of life were not random, they must therefore have been the product of purposeful intelligence."
This confirms that the probability of life emerging by itself is virtually non-existent. Therefore, all inanimate objects including DNA depend on something to give them their life giving properties. That is the one who created life in all its complexities in the first place – Allah سبحانه وتعالى.
Evolution with all its flaws has been sold to people as a fact, entering the science curriculum from an early age. This approach has resulted in the indoctrination of millions with false ideas. Muslims must have a firm grasp of what this theory is and understanding of which aspects are well-established, such as natural selection and variation, which are not in contradiction with Islam and the existence of a Creator. But we must also be armed with the ideas to refute the heavily-flawed aspects of evolution that attempt to explain the origins of life, and to expose the agenda to strip us of the fundamental pillars that form our belief and convictions.
إِنَّ فِي خَلْقِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَاخْتِلَافِ اللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ لَآيَاتٍ لِأُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ
Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day are signs for those of understanding. [Quran 3:190]
Do you not have access to dictionaries? I see you have no clue what atheism means. Funny how that blog upset you so much that you made an even dumber post than the one from before. Maybe you should just give up. You're way out of your league.
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